**A. Scour M****echanics**

**A.0. Books**

A.0.1. **B.M. Sumer** and J. Fredsøe: The Mechanics of Scour in the Marine Environment. World Scientific, 552 p., 2002. http://www.worldscientific.com/worldscibooks/10.1142/4942

A.0.2. **B.M. Sumer** and J. Fredsøe: “Wave Scour Around Structures”. Chapter in: vol. 4, Advances in Coastal and Ocean Engineering (Editor: P.L.-F. Liu), Publisher: World Scientific, pp. 191-249, 1999.

**A.1. Peer-refereed journal papers**

A.1.1. **B.M. Sumer**, Y. Mao and J. Fredsøe: “Interaction between vibrating pipe and erodible bed”. Journal of Waterway, Port, Coastal and Ocean Engineering, ASCE, Vol. 114, No. 1, pp. 81‑92, 1988.

A.1.2. **B.M. Sumer**, H.R. Jensen, Y. Mao and J. Fredsøe: “The effect of lee‑wake on scour below pipelines in current”. Journal of Waterway, Port, Coastal and Ocean Engineering, ASCE, Vol. 114, No. 5, pp. 599‑614, 1988.

A.1.3. J. Fredsøe, E.A. Hansen, Y. Mao and **B.M. Sumer**: “Three‑dimensional scour below pipelines”. Journal of Offshore Mechanics and Arctic Engineering, ASME, Vol. 110, pp. 373‑379, 1988.

A.1.4. **B.M. Sumer** and J. Fredsøe: “Scour below pipelines in waves”. Journal of Waterway, Port, Coastal and Ocean Engineering, ASCE, Vol. 116, No. 3, pp. 307-323, 1990.

A.1.5. **B.M. Sumer** and J. Fredsøe: “Onset of scour below a pipeline exposed to waves”. International Journal of Offshore and Polar Engineering, Vol. 1, No. 3, pp. 189-194, 1991.

A.1.6. **B.M. Sumer**, J. Fredsøe and N. Christiansen: “Scour around a vertical pile in waves”. Journal of Waterway, Port, Coastal and Ocean Engineering, ASCE, Vol. 118, No. 1, pp. 15-31, 1992.

A.1.7. J. Fredsøe, **B.M. Sumer** and M.M. Arnskov: “Time scale for wave/current scour below pipelines”. International J. Offshore and Polar Engineering. Vol. 2, No. 1, pp. 13-17, 1992.

A.1.8. **B.M. Sumer**, N. Christiansen and J. Fredsøe: “Influence of cross section on wave scour around piles”. Journal of Waterway, Port, Coastal and Ocean Engineering, ASCE, Vol. 119, No. 5, pp. 477-495, 1993.

A.1.9. **B.M. Sumer** and J. Fredsøe: “Self-Burial of pipelines at span shoulders”. International Journal of Offshore and Polar Engineering, Vol. 4, No. 1, pp. 30-35, 1994.

A.1.10. **B.M. Sumer** and J. Fredsøe: “Scour at the head of a vertical-wall breakwater”. Coastal Engineering, vol. 29, pp. 201-230, 1997.

A.1.11. J. Fredsøe and **B.M. Sumer**: “Scour at the round head of a rubble-mound breakwater”. Coastal Engineering, vol. 29, pp. 231-262, 1997.

A.1.12. **B.M. Sumer**, N. Christiansen and J. Fredsøe: “Horseshoe vortex and vortex shedding around a vertical wall-mounted cylinder exposed to waves”. Journal of Fluid Mechanics, vol. 332, pp.41-70, 1997.

A.1.13. **B.M. Sumer** and J. Fredsøe: “Wave scour around group of vertical piles”. Journal of Waterway, Port, Coastal and Ocean Engineering, ASCE, Vol. 124, No. 5, pp. 248-256, 1998.

A.1.14. **B.M. Sumer** and J. Fredsøe, Experimental study of 2D scour and its protection at a rubble‑mound breakwater, Coastal Engineering, Vol. 40, Issue 1, pp. 59‑87, 2000.

A.1.15. **B.M. Sumer** and J. Fredsøe: “Wave scour around a large vertical circular cylinder”. Journal of Waterway, Port, Coastal and Ocean Engineering, ASCE, vol. 127, No. 3, pp. 125-134, 2001.

A.1.16. **B.M. Sumer** and J. Fredsøe: “Scour around a pile in combined waves and current”. Journal of Hydraulic Engineering, ASCE, vol. 127,, No. 5, pp. 403-411, 2001.

A.1.17. **B.M. Sumer**, S. Cokgor and J. Fredsøe: “Suction removal of sediment from between armour blocks”. Journal of Hydraulic Engineering, ASCE, vol. 127, No. 4, pp. 293-306, 2001.

A.1.18. **B.M. Sumer**, C. Truelsen, T. Sichmann and J. Fredsøe: “Onset of scour below pipelines and self-burial”. Coastal Engineering, vol. 42, pp. 313-335, 2001.

1.19. **B.M. Sumer**, R.J.S. Whitehouse, A. Tørum: “Scour around coastal structures: A summary of recent research”. Coastal Engineering, 44, pp. 153-190, 2001.

A.1.20. C. Truelsen,** B.M. Sumer** and J. Fredsøe: “Scour around spherical bodies and self-burial”. Journal of Waterway, Port, Coastal and Ocean Engineering, ASCE, vol. 131, No. 1, pp. 1-13, 2005.

A.1.21. A. Roulund, **B.M. Sumer**, J. Fredsøe and J. Michelsen: “Numerical and experimental investigation of flow and scour around a circular pile”. J. Fluid Mechanics, vol. 534, pp. 351-401, 2005.

A.1.22. **B.M. Sumer**, K. Bundgaard and J. Fredsøe: “Global and local scour at pile groups”. International Journal of Offshore and Polar Engineering, vol. 15, No. 3, pp. 204-209, 2005.

A.1.23. **B.M. ****Sumer,** J. Fredsøe, A. Lamberti, B. Zanuttigh, M. Dixen, K Gislason and A.F. Di Penta : “Local scour at roundhead and along the trunk of low crested structures”. Coastal Engineering, vol. 52, Issue 10-11, pp. 995-1025, 2005.

A.1.24. S. Dey, **B.M. Sumer** and J. Fredsøe: “Control of scour at vertical circular piles under waves and current”. Journal of Hydraulic Engineering, ASCE, vol. 132, No. 3, pp. 270-279, 2006.

A.1.25. **B. M. Sumer**: “Mathematical modelling of scour: A review”. J. Hydraulic Research, vol. 45, No. 6, pp. 723-735, 2007.

A.1.26. **B.M. Sumer**, F. Hatipoglu and J. Fredsøe: “Wave scour around a pile in sand, medium dense and dense silt”. Journal of Waterway, Port, Coastal and Ocean Engineering, ASCE, vol. 133, No. 1, pp. 14-27, 2007.

A.1.27. F.H. Dixen, **B.M. Sumer** and J. Fredsøe: “Suction removal of sediment from between armour blocks. II. Waves”. Journal of Hydraulic Engineering, ASCE, vol. 134, No. 10, pp. 1405-1420, 2008.

A.1.28. K. Gislason, J. Fredsøe, R. Deigaard and** B.M. Sumer**: “Flow under standing waves. Part 1. Shear stress distribution, energy flux and steady streaming”. Coastal Engineering. vol. 56, pp. 341-362, 2009.

A.1.29. K. Gislason, J. Fredsøe and** B.M. Sumer**: “Flow under standing waves. Part 2. Scour and deposition in front of breakwaters”. Coastal Engineering. vol. 56, pp. 363-370, 2009.

A.1.30. A.W. Nielsen, **B.M. Sumer**, J. Fredsøe and E.D. Christensen: “Sinking of armour layer around a cylinder exposed to a current”. Maritime Engineering, Institution of Civil Engineers (ICE), vol. 164, issue 4, pp. 159-172, 2011.

A.1.31. S. Dey, A. Helkjaer, **B.M. Sumer** and J. Fredsøe: “Scour at vertical piles in sand-clay mixtures under waves”. J. Waterway, Port, Coastal and Ocean Engineering, ASCE, vol. 137, No. 6, pp. 324-331, 2011.

A.1.32. H. Gerritsen, J. Sutherland, R. Deigaard, **M. Sumer**, C.J.E.M. Fortes, J.P. Sierra and U. Schmidtke: ”Composite modelling of interactions between beaches and structures”. J. Hydraulic Research, vol. 49, No. S1, pp. 2-14, 2011.

A.1.33. A.W. Nielsen, **B.M. Sumer**, S.S. Ebbe and J. Fredsøe: “Experimental study on the scour around a mono pile in breaking waves”. J. Waterway, Port, Coastal and Ocean Engineering, ASCE, vol. 138, No. 6, pp. 501-506, 2012.

A.1.34. A.W. Nielsen, **B.M. Sumer** and J. Fredsøe: “Suction removal of sediment from between armour blocks. Part 3: Breaking waves”. J. Hydraulic Engineering, ASCE, vol. 138, No. 9, pp. 803-811, 2012.

A.1.35. A.W. Nielsen, X. Liu, **B.M. Sumer** and J. Fredsøe: “Flow and bed shear stresses in scour protections around a pile in a current”. Coastal Engineering, vol. 72, pp. 20-38, 2013.

A.1.36. M. Dixen, **B.M. Sumer** and J. Fredsøe: “Numerical and experimental investigation of flow and scour around a half-buried sphere. Coastal Engineering. Vol. 73, pp. 84-105, 2013.

A.1.37. **B.M. Sumer**, T.U. Petersen, L. Lucatelli, J. Fredsøe, R.E. Musumeci and E. Foti: “Backfilling of a scour hole around a pile in waves and current”. J. Waterway, Port, Coastal and Ocean Engineering, ASCE, vol. 139, No. 1, 9-23, 2013.

A.1.38. **B.M. Sumer** and A.W. Nielsen: “Sinking failure of scour protection at wind turbine foundation”. Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers – Energy, vol. 166, EN4, 170-188, 2013.

A.1.39. **B.M. Sumer**: “Flow-structure-seabed interactions in coastal and marine environments”. Vision Paper. Journal of Hydraulic Research, vol.52, No. 1, 1-13, 2014.

A.1.40. D.R. Fuhrman, C. Baykal, **B.M. Sumer**, N.G. Jacobsen and J. Fredsøe: “Numerical simulation of wave-induced scour and backfilling processes beneath submarine pipelines”. Coastal Engineering (ISSN: 0378-3839)

(DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.coastaleng.2014.08.009), vol: 94, 10-22, 2014.

A.1.41. T.U. Petersen, **B.M. Sumer**, J. Bøgelund, A. Yazici, J. Fredsøe and K.E. Meyer: ”Flow and edge scour in current adjacent to stone covers”. Journal of Waterway, Port, Coastal, and Ocean Engineering, ASCE, (ISSN: 0733-950X)

(DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)WW.1943-5460.0000287), vol. 141, issue: 4, 2015.

A.1.42. C. Baykal, **B.M. Sumer**, D.R. Fuhrman, N.G. Jacobsen and J. Fredsøe: “Numerical investigation of flow and scour around a vertical circular cylinder”, Royal Society of London. Philosophical Transactions A. Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences (ISSN: 1364-503X) (DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rsta.2014.0104), vol: 373, 2015.

A.1.43. A.W. Nielsen, T. Probst, T.U. Petersen and **B.M. Sumer**: “Sinking of armour layer around a vertical cylinder exposed to waves and current”. Coastal Engineering (ISSN: 0378-3839) (DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.coastaleng.2015.03.010), vol: 100, pages: 58-66, 2015.

A.1.44. T.U. Petersen, **B.M. Sumer**, J. Fredsøe, T.C. Raaijmakers and J.-J. Schouten: “Edge scour at scour protections around piles in the marine environment – Laboratory and field investigation”, Coastal Engineering, 106 (2015) 42-72 (http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.coastaleng.2015.08.007)

A.1.45. B.E. Larsen, D.R. Fuhrman and **B.M. Sumer**: ”Simulation of wave-plus-current scour beneath submarine pipelines”. Journal of Waterway, Port, Coastal, and Ocean Engineering, ASCE. 2016, vol. 142, issue 5, pp. 04016003-1 – 04016003-14 (DOI: 10.1061/(ASCE)WW.1943-5460.0000338), with Erratum Journal of Waterway, Port, Coastal, and Ocean Engineering, ASCE. 2016, vol. 142, issue 5, p. 08216001-1 (DOI: 10.1061/(ASCE)WW.1943-5460.0000338)

A.1.46. C. Baykal, **B.M. Sumer**, D.R. Fuhrman, N.G. Jacobsen, J. Fredsøe: “Numerical simulation of scour and backfilling processes around a circular pile in waves”, Coastal Engineering (ISSN: 0378-3839) (DOI: 10.1016/j.coastaleng.2017.01.004), vol: 122, 87-107, 2017.

A.1.47. B.E. Larsen, D.R. Fuhrman, C. Baykal,** B.M. Sumer**: “Tsunami-induced scour around monopile foundations”, Coastal Engineering (DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.coastaleng.2017.08.002), vol. 129, 36-49, 2017.

**A.2. Peer-refereed conference papers**

A.2.1. J. Fredsøe, E.A. Hansen, Y. Mao and **B.M. Sumer**: “Three-Dimensional scour below pipelines”. Proc. 6th Symposium on Offshore Mechanics and Arctic Engineering, ASME, Houston, TX, Offshore and Arctic Pipelines, pp. 29‑36, 1987. Also published as a journal paper (Paper A.1.3 above).

A.2.2. E.A. Hansen, C. Staub, J. Fredsøe and **B.M. Sumer**: “Time-development of scour-induced free spans of pipelines”. Proc. 10th Conference on Offshore Mechanics and Arctic Engineering, ASME, Stavangar, Norway, Vol. 5, pp. 25‑31, 1991.

A.2.3. J. Fredsøe, **B.M. Sumer** and M.M. Arnskov: “Time scale for wave/current scour below pipelines”. Proc. 1st International Offshore and Polar Engineering Conference, ISOPE, Edinburgh, U.K., Vol. 2, pp. 301-307, 1991. Also published as a journal paper (Paper A.1.7 above).

A.2.4. **B.M. Sumer** and J. Fredsøe: “Onset of scour below a pipeline exposed to waves”. Proc. 1st International Offshore and Polar Engineering Conference, ISOPE, Edinburgh, U.K., Vol. 2, pp. 290-295, 1991. Also published as a journal paper (Paper A.1.5 above).

A.2.5. **B.M. Sumer**, N. Christiansen and J. Fredsøe: “Time scale of scour around a vertical pile”. Proc. 2nd International Offshore and Polar Engineering Conference, ISOPE, San Francisco, U.S.A., Vol. 3, pp. 308-315, 1992.

A.2.6. **B.M. Sumer** and J. Fredsøe: “A review of wave/current-induced scour around pipelines”. Proc. 23rd International Coastal Engineering Conference, ASCE, Venice, Italy, Vol. 3, pp. 2839-2852, 1992.

A.2.7. **B.M. Sumer** and J. Fredsøe: “Self-Burial of pipelines at span shoulders”. Proc. 3rd International Offshore and Polar Engineering Conference, ISOPE, Singapore, vol. 2, pp. 74-81, 1993. Also published as a journal paper (Paper A.1.9 above).

A.2.8. T. Gokce, **B.M. Sumer** and J. Fredsøe: “Scour around the head of a vertical wall breakwater”. Proc. International Conference on Hydro-Technical Engineering for Port and Harbor Construction, Hydro-Port’ 94, Yokosuka, Japan, Vol. 2, pp. 1097-1116.

A.2.9. **B.M. Sumer**, J. Fredsøe, N. Christiansen and S.B. Hansen: “Bed shear stress and scour around coastal structures”. Proc. 24th International Coastal Engineering Conference, ASCE, Kobe, Japan, Vol. 2, pp. 1595-1609, 1994.

A.2.10. **B.M. Sumer** and J. Fredsøe: “Scour around pipelines in combined waves and current”. Proc. 15th Conference on Offshore Mechanics and Arctic Engineering, ASME, Florence, Italy, Vol. V, pp. 595‑602, 1996.

A.2.11. **B.M. Sumer** and J. Fredsøe: “Scour around a large vertical circular cylinder in waves”. 16th International Conference on Offshore Mechanics and Arctic Engineering, Yokohama, Japan, April 13-18, vol. I-A, pp. 57-64, 1997.

A.2.12. **B.M. Sumer**, R. Whitehouse and A. Tørum: “Scour around coastal structures (SCARCOST)”. 3rd European Marine Science and Technology Conference, Lisbon, Portugal, 23‑27 May 1998, pp.963-972.

A.2.13. A. Roulund, **B.M. Sumer**, J. Fredsøe and J. Michelsen: “3D mathematical modelling of scour around a circular pile in current”. Proceedings of the Seventh International Symposium on River Sedimentation, Hong Kong, China, 16‑18 December 1998, pp. 131‑138.

A.2.14. **B.M. Sumer** and J. Fredsøe: “Scour and its protection at breakwaters”. Proceedings of the Fifth International Conference on Coastal and Port Engineering in Developing Countries, Cape Town, South Africa, 19-23. April, 1999, pp 254-265.

A.2.15. **B.M. Sumer**, K. Bundgaard and J. Fredsøe: “Global and local scour around a group of piles”. ICCE 2000 Sydney, July 2000.

A.2.16. **B.M. Sumer**, R. Whitehouse and A. Tørum: “Scour around coastal structures (SCARCOST)”. EurOCEAN 2000, The European Conference on Marine Science and Technology, Hamburg, Germany, 29. August – 2. September, 2000.

A.2.17. J. Fredsøe, **B.M. Sumer** and K. Bundgaard: ”Scour at a riprap revetment in currents”. Proc. 2^{nd} IAHR Symposum on River and Estuarine Morphodynamics, 10-14. September, 2001, Obihiro, Japan.

A.2.18. **B.M. Sumer** and J. Fredsøe: “Time scale of scour around a large vertical cylinder in waves”. Proceedings of the 12^{th} International Offshore and Polar Engineering Conference, KitaKyushu, Japan, May 26-31, 2002, vol. II, pp. 55-60.

A.2.19. A. Roulund, **B.M. Sumer**, J. Fredsøe and J. Michelsen: ”3-D Numerical modelling of flow and scour around a pile”. Proceedings of the First International Conference on Scour of Foundations, 17-20.November, 2002, Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas, USA, vol. 2, pp. 795-809.

A.2.20. R. Miller, A. Roulund, **B.M. Sumer**, J. Fredsøe, C. Truelsen and J. Michelsen: ”3-D Numerical modelling of flow around a groin”. In: I. Nezu and N. Kotsovinos (eds.), Proceedings of the XXX. IAHR Congress, Thessaloniki, Greece, 24-29.August, 2003, AUTh, Thessaloniki, Greece, vol. II, pp. 385-392.

A.2.21. **B. M. Sumer**: “Physical and mathematical modelling of scour”. Proceedings of Second International Conference on Scour and Erosion. Singapore, 14-17.November, 2004, vol. 1, 29-46.

A.2.22. **B. M. Sumer**, F. Hatipoglu, and J. Fredsøe: ”Wave scour around a vertical circular pile in silt”. Proceedings of Second International Conference on Scour and Erosion. Singapore, 14-17.November, 2004, vol. 2, 498-505.

A.2.23. **B. M. Sumer**, K. Bundgaard and J. Fredsøe: “Global and local scour at pile groups”. Proceedings of the 15^{th} International Offshore and Polar Engineering Conference, Seoul, Korea, June 19-24, 2005, vol. II, 577-583.

A.2.24. S. Dey, **B.M. Sumer** and J. Fredsøe: “Control of scour around circular piles under waves and current”. Proceedings, Third International Conference on Scour and Erosion, November 1-3, 2006, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, CURNET, Gouda, The Netherlands, 2006. The full paper is on CD Rom, pp.169-173. Extended Abstract is in the hard-copy Abstract Proceedings, pp. 104-105.

A.2.25. **B.M. Sumer**: “Coastal and offshore scour/erosion issues- Recent Advances”. Proceedings of the Fourth International Conference on Scour and Erosion, November 5-7, 2008, Tokyo, Japan, pp. 85-94.

A.2.26. A.W. Nielsen, **B.M. Sumer**, J. Fredsøe and E.D. Christensen: “Scour protection around offshore wind turbines. Monopiles”. Proceedings of the Fifth International Conference on Scour and Erosion, November 7-10, 2010, San Francisco, USA, pp. 440-449.

A.2.27. F. Stevanato, A.W. Nielsen, **B.M. Sumer** and J. Fredsøe: “Flow velocities and bed shear stresses in a stone cover under an oscillatory flow”. Proceedings of the Fifth International Conference on Scour and Erosion, November 7-10, 2010, San Francisco, USA, pp. 609-618.

A.2.28. T.U. Petersen, **B.M. Sumer**, K.E. Meyer, J. Fredsøe and E.D. Christensen: “Edge scour in current adjacent to stone covers”. Proceedings of the Sixth International Conference on Scour and Erosion, August 27-31, 2012, Paris, France, pp. 739-746.

A.2.29. T.U. Petersen, **B.M. Sumer**, and J. Fredsøe: “Time scale of scour around a pile in combined waves and current”. Proceedings of the Sixth International Conference on Scour and Erosion, August 27-31, 2012, Paris, France, pp. 981-988.

A.2.30. R.E.Musumeci, G.M. Farinella, E. Foti, S. Battiato, T.U. Petersen and **B.M. Sumer**: “Measuring sandy bottom dynamics by exploiting depth from stereo video sequences”. Image Analysis and Processing – ICIAP 2013 (ISBN: 978-3-642-41180-9) 17th International Conference on Image Analysis and Processing, 2013, Naples, pp. 420-430, Springer, 2013, DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-41181-6_43.

A.2.31. A.W. Nielsen, **B.M. Sumer** and T.U. Petersen: “Sinking of scour protections at Horns Rev 1 offshore wind farm”. Book of the 34th International Conference on Coastal Engineering, 2014, Presented at: 34th International Conference on Coastal Engineering, 2014, Seoul, South Korea.

A.2.32. C. Baykal,** B.M. Sumer**, D.R. Fuhrman, N.G. Jacobsen, J. Fredsøe: “Numerical modelling of backfilling process around monopiles”. Book of the 34th International Conference on Coastal Engineering, 2014, Presented at: 34th International Conference on Coastal Engineering, 2014, Seoul, South Korea.

A.2.33. **B.M. Sumer**: “A review of recent advances in numerical modelling of local scour problems”. Scour and Erosion (ISBN: 978-1-138-02732-9), pages: 61-70, 2014, C R C Press LLC, Opening key note presentation at: 7th international Conference on Scour and Erosion, 2014, Scarborough, Western Australia.

A.2.34. T.U. Petersen, **B.M. Sumer** and J. Fredsøe: “Edge scour at scour protections around offshore wind turbine foundations”. Scour and Erosion (ISBN: 978-1-138-02732-9), pages: 587-592, 2014, C R C Press LLC, Presented at: 7th international Conference on Scour and Erosion, 2014, Scarborough, Western Australia.

A.2.35. **B.M. Sumer**, C. Baykal, D.R. Fuhrman, N.G. Jacobsen, J. Fredsøe: “Numerical calculation of backfilling of scour holes”. Scour and Erosion (ISBN: 978-1-138-02732-9), pages: 633-642, 2014, C R C Press LLC, Presented at: 7th international Conference on Scour and Erosion, 2014, Scarborough, Western Australia.

A.2.36. S. Carstensen and **B.M. Sumer**: “Scour at breakwaters under combined waves and current”. Proceedings of the 36th IAHR World Congress, 2015, Presented at: 36th IAHR World Congress, 2015, den Haag.

**A.3. Miscellaneous**

A.3.1. Y. Mao and **B.M. Sumer**: “Experiments on the scour below pipelines exposed to waves”. Progress Report, Tech. Univ. Denmark, Institute of Hydrodynamics and Hydraulic Engineering (ISVA), No. 64, pp. 3-12, 1986.

A.3.2. **B.M. Sumer**, J. Fredsøe and P. Roll: “Scour around a vertical pile in waves”. Progress Report, Tech. Univ. Denmark, Institute of Hydrodynamics and Hydraulic Engineering (ISVA), No. 69, pp. 21-30, 1989.

A.3.3. **B.M. Sumer**, C. Pedersen, D. Yu and J. Fredsøe: “Bed shear stress measurements in the vicinity of a pipeline in waves. Progress Report, Tech. Univ. Denmark, Institute of Hydrodynamics and Hydraulic Engineering (ISVA), No. 71, pp. 61-72, 1990.

A.3.4. M. Stolpe, T. Buhl, **B.M. Sumer**, S. Kill, J. Holbøll and K. Piirainen: “Offshore wind energy developments”. In: 2014 DTU International Energy Report 2014: Wind energy — drivers and barriers for higher shares of wind in the global power generation mix. Hvidtfeldt Larsen, H. & Sønderberg Petersen, L. (eds.). Technical University of Denmark, p. 43-51.

**B. Flow around and forces on cylindrical structures and hydro elastic vibrations**

**B.0. Book**

B.0.1. **B.M. Sumer** and J. Fredsøe: Hydrodynamics Around Cylindrical Structures. World Scientific, 548 pp., First edition: 1997, Second/revised edition: 2006. http://www.worldscientific.com/worldscibooks/10.1142/6248

**B.1. Peer-refereed journal papers**

B.1.1. J. Fredsøe, **B.M. Sumer,** J. Andersen and E.A. Hansen: “Transverse vibrations of a cylinder very close to a plane wall”, Journal of Offshore Mechanics and Arctic Engineering, ASME, Vol. 109, No. 1, pp. 52‑60, 1987.

B.1.2. **B.M. Sumer** and J. Fredsøe: “Transverse vibrations of an elastically mounted cylinder exposed to an oscillating flow”, Journal of Offshore Mechanics and Arctic Engineering, ASME, Vol. 110, pp. 387‑394, 1988.

B.1.3. **B.M. Sumer** and J. Fredsøe: “Effect of Reynolds number on vibrations of cylinders”. Journal of Offshore Mechanics and Arctic Engineering, ASME, Vol. 111, pp. 131‑137, 1989.

B.1.4. **B.M. Sumer**, J. Fredsøe, H. Gravesen and R. Bruschi: “Response of marine pipelines in scour trenches”. Journal of Waterway, Port, Coastal and Ocean Engineering, ASCE, Vol. 115, No. 4, pp. 477‑496, 1989.

B.1.5. B.L. Jensen, **B.M. Sumer**, H.R. Jensen and J. Fredsøe: “Flow around and forces on a pipeline near a scoured bed in steady current”. Journal of Offshore Mechanics and Arctic Engineering, ASME, Vol. 112, pp. 206‑213, 1990.

B.1.6. **B.M. Sumer**, B.L. Jensen, and J. Fredsøe: “Effect of a plane boundary on oscillatory flow around a circular cylinder”, Journal of Fluid Mechanics, Vol. 225, pp. 271-300, 1991.

B.1.7. A. Kozakiewicz, **B.M. Sumer** and J. Fredsøe: “Spanwise correlation on a vibrating cylinder near a wall in oscillatory flows”, Journal of Fluids and Structures, Vol. 6, pp. 371-392, 1992.

B.1.8. A. Kozakiewicz, **B.M. Sumer** and J. Fredsøe: ” Cross-Flow vibrations of a cylinder in irregular oscillatory flow”, Journal of Waterway, Port, Coastal and Ocean Engineering, ASCE, Vol. 120, No. 6, pp.515-534, 1994.

B.1.9. **B.M. Sumer**, J. Fredsøe and K. Jensen: “A note on spanwise correlation on a freely vibrating cylinder in oscillatory flow”. Journal of Fluids and Structures. Vol. 8, No. 3, pp. 231-238, 1994.

B.1.10. **B.M. Sumer**, J. Fredsøe and B.L. Jensen and N. Christiansen: “Forces on vibrating cylinder near a wall in current and waves”. Journal of Waterway, Port, Coastal and Ocean Engineering, ASCE, Vol. 120, No. 3, pp.233-250, 1994.

B.1.11. **B.M. Sumer** and J. Fredsøe: “A review on vibrations of marine pipelines”. International Journal of Offshore and Polar Engineering, Vol. 5, No. 2, pp. 81-90, 1995.

B.1.12. **B.M. Sumer** and A. Kozakiewicz: “Visualization of flow around cylinder in irregular waves”. International Journal of Offshore and Polar Engineering, Vol. 5, No. 4, pp. 270-272, 1995.

B.1.13. A. Kozakiewicz, **B.M. Sumer**, J. Fredsøe and E.A. Hansen: “Vortex regimes around a freely vibrating cylinder in oscillatory flow”. International Journal of Offshore and Polar Engineering, vol. 7, No. 2, pp.94-103, 1997.

B.1.14. **B.M. Sumer**: “Flow-structure-seabed interactions in coastal and marine environments”. Vision Paper. Journal of Hydraulic Research, vol.52, No. 1, 1-13, 2014.

**B.2. Peer-refereed conference papers**

B.2.1. J. Fredsøe, **B.M. Sumer**, J. Andersen and E.A. Hansen: “Transverse vibrations of a cylinder very close to a plane wall”, Proc. 4th Symposium on Offshore Mechanics and Arctic Engineering, ASME, Dallas, TX, Vol. 1, No. 1, pp. 601‑609, 1985. Also published as a journal paper (Paper B.1.1 above).

B.2.2. **B.M. Sumer**, J. Fredsøe and V. Jacobsen: “Transverse vibrations of a pipeline exposed to waves”, Proc. 5th International Symposium on Offshore Mechanics and Arctic Engineering, ASME, Tokyo, Japan, Vol. 3, pp. 588-596, 1986.

B.2.3. **B.M. Sumer** and J. Fredsøe: “Transverse vibrations of an elastically mounted cylinder exposed to an oscillating flow”, Proc. 6th Symposium on Offshore Mechanics and Arctic Engineering, ASME, Houston, TX, Vol. 2, pp. 165‑173, 1987. Also published as a journal paper (Paper B.1.2 above).

B.2.4. B.L. Jensen, **B.M. Sumer**, H.R. Jensen and J. Fredsøe: “Flow around and forces on a pipeline near a scoured bed”. Proc. 7th Conference on Offshore Mechanics and Arctic Engineering, ASME, Houston, TX, Vol. 5, pp. 39‑48, 1988. Also published as a journal paper (Paper B.1.5 above).

B.2.5. **B.M. Sumer** and J. Fredsøe: “Vibrations of cylinders at high Reynolds numbers”. Proc. 7th Conference on Offshore Mechanics and Arctic Engineering, ASME, Houston, TX, Vol. 2, pp. 211‑222, 1988. Also published as a journal paper (Paper B.1.3 above).

B.2.6. **B.M. Sumer**, J. Fredsøe and H. Gravesen: “Vibrations of pipelines in scour trenches”. Proc. 5th Conference on Behaviour of Offshore structures, BOSS, Trondheim, Norway, vol. 2, pp. 565-578, 1988.

B.2.7. H.R. Jensen, B.L. Jensen, **B.M. Sumer** and J. Fredsøe: “Flow visualization and numerical simulation of the flow around marine pipelines on an erodible bed in waves”. Proc. 8th Conference on Offshore Mechanics and Arctic Engineering, ASME, The Hague, The Netherlands, Vol. 5, pp. 129‑136, 1989.

B.2.8. **B.M. Sumer**, B.L. Jensen and J. Fredsøe: “Pressure measurements around a marine pipeline”. Proc. 9th Conference on Offshore Mechanics and Arctic Engineering, ASME, Houston, TX, Vol. 1, pp. 85‑91, 1990.

B.2.9. A. Kozakiewicz, **B.M. Sumer** and J. Fredsøe: ”Correlation measurements along a vibrating cylinder near a wall in oscillatory flows”. Proc. 5th International Conference on Flow-Induced Vibrations, Brighton, U.K., pp. 15-20, 1991.

B.2.10. **B.M. Sumer**, B.L. Jensen and J. Fredsøe: “ Pressure measurements around a pipeline exposed to combined waves and current”. Proc. 11th Conference on Offshore Mechanics and Arctic Engineering, ASME, Calgary, Canada, Vol. 5, Part A, pp. 113‑121, 1992.

B.2.11. B.L. Jensen, **B.M. Sumer** and J. Fredsøe: “Forces on a pipeline oscillating in transverse direction in steady current”. Proc. 3rd International Offshore and Polar Engineering Conference, ISOPE, Singapore, vol. 3, pp. 424-430, 1993.

B.2.12. J. Fredsøe and **B.M. Sumer**: “Spanwise correlation of a vibrating cylinder in oscillatory flow”. Proc. 7th International Conference on the Behaviour of Offshore Structures, BOSS’94, Vol. 2, pp. 623-632, 1994.

B.2.13. **B.M. Sumer** and J. Fredsøe: “A review on vibrations of marine pipelines”. Proc. 4th International Offshore and Polar Engineering Conference, ISOPE, Osaka, Japan, vol. 2, pp. 62-71, 1994. Also published as a journal paper (Paper B.1.11 above).

B.2.14. **B.M. Sumer** and A. Kozakiewicz: “Visualization of flow around cylinder in irregular waves”. Proc. 4th International Offshore and Polar Engineering Conference, ISOPE, Osaka, Japan, Vol. 3, pp. 413-420, 1994. Also published as a journal paper (Paper B.1.12 above).

B.2.15. A. Kozakiewicz, J. Fredsøe and **B.M. Sumer**: “Forces on pipelines in oblique attack: steady current and waves”. Proc. 5th International Offshore and Polar Engineering Conference, ISOPE, The Hague, The Netherlands, Vol. 2, pp. 174-183, 1995.

B.2.16. A. Kozakiewicz, **B.M. Sumer**, J. Fredsøe and E.A. Hansen: “Vortex regimes around a freely vibrating cylinder in oscillatory flow”. Proc. 6th International Offshore and Polar Engineering Conference, ISOPE, Los Angeles, U.S., Vol. III, pp. 490-498, 1994.

**B.3. Miscellaneous**

B.3.1. B.L. Jensen and **B.M. Sumer**: “Boundary layer over a cylinder placed near a wall”. Progress Report, Tech. Univ. Denmark, Institute of Hydrodynamics and Hydraulic Engineering (ISVA), No. 64, pp. 31-39, 1986.

B.3.2. **B.M. Sumer**, B.L.Jensen and J. Fredsøe: “Oscillatory flow around a circular cylinder near a plane boundary”. International Conference on Organized Structures and Turbulence in Fluid Mechanics, Abstracts, Grenoble, pp. 101-103, 1989.

**C. Wave boundary layers**

**C.1. Peer-refereed journal papers**

C.1.1. B.L. Jensen, **B.M. Sumer** and J. Fredsøe: “Turbulent oscillatory boundary layers at high Reynolds numbers”. Journal of Fluid Mechanics, Vol. 206, pp. 265‑297, 1989.

C.1.2. M.M. Arnskov, J. Fredsøe and **B.M. Sumer**: “Bed shear stress measurements over a smooth bed in three-dimensional wave-current motion”. Coastal Engineering, Vol. 20, pp. 277-316, 1993.

C.1.3. J. Fredsøe, **B.M. Sumer**, T.S. Laursen, and C. Pedersen: “Experimental investigations of wave boundary layers with a sudden change in roughness”. Journal of Fluid Mechanics, Vol. 252, pp.117-145, 1993.

C.1.4. **B.M. Sumer**, T.S. Laursen and J. Fredsøe: “Wave boundary layers in a convergent tunnel”. Coastal Engineering, Vol. 20, pp. 317-342, 1993.

C.1.5. T.S. Laursen, J. Fredsøe and **B.M. Sumer**: “Numerical prediction of wave boundary layer over a bed with a change in roughness”. Coastal Engineering, Vol. 24, pp. 81-96, 1994.

C.1.6. H. Tanaka, **B.M. Sumer**, and J. Fredsøe,: “Theoretical and experimental investigation on laminar boundary layer under cnoidal wave motion”, Proceedings of JSCE, No. 572/II-40, pp. 85-90. 1997, 8. (In Japanese).

C.1.7. H. Tanaka, **B.M. Sumer** and C.R. Lodahl: “Theoretical and experimental investigation on laminar boundary layer under cnoidal wave motion”. Coastal Engineering Journal, vol. 40, No. 1, pp. 81-98, 1998.

C.1.8. C.R. Lodahl, **B.M. Sumer**, and J. Fredsøe: “Turbulent combined oscillatory flow and current in a pipe”, Journal Fluid Mechanics, vol. 373, pp. 313-348, 1998.

C.1.9. J. Fredsøe, K.H. Andersen and **B.M. Sumer**: “Wave plus current over ripple-covered bed”, Coastal Engineering, vol. 38, pp. 177-221, 1999.

C.1.10. J. Fredsøe, **B.M. Sumer**, A. Kozakiewicz, L.H.C. Chua and R. Deigaard: ”Effect of externally generated turbulence on wave boundary layer”. Coastal Engineering, vol. 49, pp. 155-183, 2003.

C.1.11. I.P. Lohmann, J. Fredsøe, **B.M. Sumer**, and E.D. Christensen: “Large Eddy Simulation of the ventilated wave boundary layer, J. Geophys. Res., 111, C06036, doi:10.1029/2005JC002946, 2006.

C.1.12. M. Dixen, F. Hatipoglu, **B.M. Sumer **and J. Fredsøe: “Wave boundary layer over a stone-covered bed”. Coastal Engineering, Vol. 55, pp. 1-20, 2008.

C.1.13. D.R. Fuhrman, J. Fredsøe and **B.M. Sumer**: Bed slope effects on turbulent wave boundary layers: 1. Model validation and quantification of rough-turbulent results, J. Geophys. Res., 114, C03024, doi:10.1029/2008JC005045, 2009.

C.1.14. D.R. Fuhrman, J. Fredsøe and **B.M. Sumer**: Bed slope effects on turbulent wave boundary layers: 2. Comparison with skewness, asymmetry, and other effects, J. Geophys. Res., 114, C03025, doi:10.1029/2008JC005053, 2009.

C.1.15. S. Carstensen, **B.M. Sumer** and J. Fredsøe: “Coherent structures in wave boundary layers. Part 1. Oscillatory motion”. Journal of Fluid Mechanics, Volume 646, pp. 169-206, 2010.

C.1.16. **B.M. Sumer**, P.M. Jensen, L.B. Sørensen, J. Fredsøe, P.L.-F. Liu, and S. Carstensen: “Coherent structures in wave boundary layers. Part 2. Solitary motion”. Journal of Fluid Mechanics, Volume 646, pp. 207-231, 2010.

C.1.17. D.R. Fuhrman, **B.M. Sumer** and J. Fredsøe: “Roughness-induced streaming in turbulent wave boundary layers”. J. Geophys. Res., 116, C10002,doi:10.1029/2011JC007155, 2011.

C.1.18. S. Carstensen, **B.M. Sumer** and J. Fredsøe: “A note on turbulent spots over a rough bed in wave boundary layers. Physics of Fluids, Volume 24, pp. 115104-1 – 115104-13, 2012.

**C.2. Peer-refereed conference papers**

C.2.1. **B.M. Sumer**, B.L. Jensen and J. Fredsøe: “Experimental investigation of turbulent oscillatory boundary layers”. Proc. 3rd International Symposium on Applications of Laser Anemometry to Fluid Mechanics, Lisbon, Portugal, pp. 1-6, 1986.

C.2.3. **B.M. Sumer**, B.L. Jensen and J. Fredsøe: “Turbulence in oscillatory boundary layers”. Advances in Turbulence. Editors: G. Comte-Bellot and J. Mathieu. Proc. 1st European Conference, Lyon, France, published by Springer, pp. 556-567, 1987. This is an extended version of the previous paper.

C.2.4. **B.M. Sumer**, J. Fredsøe and T.S. Laursen: “Experimental studies on non-uniform oscillatory boundary layers”. Euromech 262, Papers from the Colloquium on Sand Transport in Rivers, Estuaries and the Sea, Wallingford, U.K., Balkema, pp.71-77, 1991.

C.2.5. M.A. Samad, H. Tanaka, **B.M. Sumer**, J. Fredsøe and C. Lodahl: “A study on bottom shear stress under irregular waves”. Proceedings of Coastal Engineering, JSCE, Japan, 45, pp.91-95, 1998. (In Japanese).

C.2.6. **B.M. Sumer**, P.M. Jensen, L.B. Sørensen, J. Fredsøe and P.L.-F. Liu: ”Turbulent solitary wave boundary layer”. Proceedings of the 18th International Offshore (Ocean) and Polar Engineering Conference, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, July 6-11, pp. 775-781, 2008.

C.2.7. K.L. Jensen, **B.M. Sumer**, V. Giovanna and P. Blondeaux: “Role of verstical pressure gradient in wave boundary layers”. Book of the 34th International Conference on Coastal Engineering, 2014, Presented at: 34th International Conference on Coastal Engineering, 2014, Seoul, South Korea.

**C.3. Miscelleneous**

C.3.1. B.L. Jensen, **B.M. Sumer** and J. Fredsøe: “Transition to turbulence in oscillatory boundary layers”. Progress Report, Tech. Univ. Denmark, Institute of Hydrodynamics and Hydraulic Engineering (ISVA), No. 66, pp. 3-15, 1988.

C.3.2. **B.M. Sumer**, T.S. Laursen and J. Fredsøe: “Turbulent oscillatory boundary layer over a bed with a change in roughness. Progress Report, Tech. Univ. Denmark, Institute of Hydrodynamics and Hydraulic Engineering (ISVA), No. 72, pp. 3-15, 1990.

C.3.3. **B.M. Sumer**, E.A. Rossen, B.L. Jensen and J. Fredsøe: “Turbulent oscillatory boundary layer in a convergent-diverging channel”. Progress Report, Tech. Univ. Denmark, Institute of Hydrodynamics and Hydraulic Engineering (ISVA), No. 71, pp. 23-35, 1990.

C.3.4. A. Kozakiewicz, **B.M. Sumer**, J. Fredsøe, R. Deigaard and N.-S. Cheng: “Effect of externally generated turbulence on wave boundary layer”, Progress Report, Tech. Univ. Denmark, Institute of Hydrodynamics and Water Resources (ISVA), No. 77, pp. 1-12, 1998.

C.3.5. J. Fredsøe, K.H. Andersen and **B.M. Sumer**: “Characteristics of combined wave and current boundary layer flow over rippled bed; Modelling and experimental results”, In: SEDMOC Sediment Transport Modelling in Marine Coastal Environments, End Document, Ed. L.C. van Rijn, A.G. Davies, J. van de Graaff and J.S. Ribberink, April 2001, Aqua Publications, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

**D. Sediment transport, diffusion and dispersion **

**D.0. Book edited**

D.0.1. **B.M. Sumer **and A. Muller: Mechanics of Sediment Transport. Proceedings of Euromech 156, 12-14 July 1982, Istanbul, Turkey. Balkema Publisher, Rotterdam, The Netherlands, 1983.

**D.1. Peer-refereed journal papers**

D.1.1. **B.M. Sumer**: “On the longitudinal dispersion coefficient for a broad open channel”. Journal of Hydraulic Research, Vol. 7, No. 1, pp. 129‑135, 1968.

D.1.2. **B.M. Sumer**: “Model similarity concerning the transport of suspended matter in a turbulent flow field”. Journal of Hydraulic Research, Vol. 8, No. 3, pp. 357‑364, 1969.

D.1.3. M.E. Erdogan and **B.M. Sumer**: “Dispersion of matter in a rotating straight pipe”. Bulletin of the Technical University of Istanbul, Vol. 23, pp. 2-12, 1970.

D.1.4. **B.M. Sumer**: “Simulation of dispersion of suspended particles”. Journal of Hydraulic Division, ASCE, Vol. 99, No. HY10, pp. 1705‑1726, 1973.

D.1.5. **B.M. Sumer**: “Mean velocity and longitudinal dispersion of heavy particles in turbulent open‑channel flow”. Journal of Fluid Mechanics, Vol. 65, pp. 11‑ 28, 1974.

D.1.6. **B.M. Sumer**: “Settlement of solid particles in open channel flow”. Journal of Hydraulic Division, ASCE, Vol. 103, No. HY11, pp. 1323‑1337, 1977.

D.1.7. **B.M. Sumer** and B. Oguz: “Particle motions near the bottom in turbulent flow in an open channel”. Journal of Fluid Mechanics, Vol. 86, pp. 109‑127, 1978.

D.1.8. P.S. Larsen, F. Engelund, **B.M. Sumer** and L. Lading: “Techniques of sizing and tracking of particles in fluids: A report on Euromech 120”. Journal of Fluid Mechanics, Vol. 99, pp. 641‑653, 1980.

D.1.9. **B.M. Sumer** and R. Deigaard: “Particle motions near the bottom in turbulent flow in an open channel ‑ Part 2”. Journal of Fluid Mechanics, Vol. 109, pp. 311‑337, 1981.

D.1.10. **B.M. Sumer**: “A note on dispersion in a skewed shear flow”. Bulletin of the Technical University of Istanbul, Vol. 34, pp. 68-75, 1981.

D.1.11. **B.M. Sumer** and M. Bakioglu: “On the formation of ripples on an erodible bed”, Journal of Fluid Mechanics, Vol. 144, pp. 177‑190, 1984.

D.1.12. **B.M. Sumer**: “Lift forces on moving particles near boundaries”, Journal of Hydraulic Engineering, ASCE, Vol. 110, No. 9, pp. 1272‑1278, 1984.

D.1.13. **B.M. Sumer**, M.M. Arnskov, N. Christiansen and F.E. Jørgensen: “Two-component hot-film probe for measurements of wall shear stress”. Experiments in Fluids, Vol. 15, 380-384, 1993.

D.1.14. **B.M. Sumer**, A. Kozakiewicz, J. Fredsøe and R. Deigaard: “Velocity and concentration profiles in the sheet flow layer of movable bed”. Journal of Hydraulic Engineering, ASCE, vol. 122, No. 10, 549-558, 1996.

D.1.15. N. Drønen, H. Karunarathna, J. Fredsøe, **B.M. Sumer**, and R. Deigaard: “An experimental study of rip channel flow”, Coastal Engineering, vol. 45, pp. 223-238, 2002.

D.1.16. **B.M. Sumer**, L.H.C. Chua, N.‑S. Cheng and J. Fredsøe: “The influence of turbulence on bedload sediment transport”. Journal of Hydraulic Engineering ASCE, vol. 129, pp. 585-596, 2003.

D.1.17. N.-S. Cheng, **B.M. Sumer** and Fredsøe, J.: “Investigation of bed shear stresses subject to external turbulence”, International Journal of Heat and Fluid Flow, 24, pp. 816-824, 2003.

D.1.18. **B.M**. **Sumer, **M.B. Sen, I. Karagali, B. Ceren, J. Fredsøe, M. Sottile, L. Zilioli, and D.R. Fuhrman: ”Flow and Sediment transport induced by a plunging solitary wave”, J. Geophys. Res., 116, C01008, doi:10.1029/2010JC006435, pp. 1-15, 2011.

D.1.19. **B.M**. **Sumer, **H.A.A. Guner, N.M. Hansen, D.R. Fuhrman, and J. Fredsøe**: ****“**Laboratory observations of flow and sediment transport induced by plunging regular waves**”,** J. Geophys. Res.: Oceans, 118, 6161–6182, doi:10.1002/2013JC009324, 2013.

D.1.20. **B.M. Sumer**: “Discussion of “Sediment Entrainment Probability and Threshold of Sediment Suspension: Exponential-Based Approach” by Sujit K. Bose and Subhasish Dey.” J. Hydraul. Eng. , 10.1061/(ASCE)HY.1943-7900.0000973, vol: 141, issue: 4, 2015.

D.1.21. V.S.O. Kirca, **B.M. Sumer**, M. Steffensen, K.L. Jensen and D.R. Fuhrman: “Longitudinal dispersion of heavy particles in an oscillating tunnel, and application to wave boundary layers”. Journal of Ocean Engineering and Marine Energy, 2016, vol. 2, issue 1, 59-83. (ISSN: 2198-6444) (DOI: 10.1007/s40722-015-0039-x)

**D.2. Peer-refereed conference papers**

D.2.1. K. Cecen, M. Bayazit and **B.M. Sumer**: “Distribution of suspended matter and similarity criteria in settling basins”, Proc. 13th Congress of International Association for Hydraulic Research, IAHR, Vol. 4, pp. 205‑214, 1969.

D.2.2. **B.M. Sumer**: “On the theory of turbulent dispersion of soluble matter in the flows of irregular cross-section”. Proc. 14th Congress of International Association for Hydraulic Research, IAHR, Vol. 1, pp. 77‑84, 1971.

D.2.3. **B.M. Sumer**: “Turbulent dispersion of suspended matters in a broad open channel”. Proc. 14th Congress of International Association for Hydraulic Research, IAHR, Vol. 1, pp. 33‑44, 1971.

D.2.4. K. Cecen and **B.M. Sumer**: “Distribution of matter settling to the bed of settling basin”. Proc. 14th Congress of International Association for Hydraulic Research, IAHR, Vol. 1, pp. 9‑16, 1971.

D.2.5. **B.M. Sumer**: “Numerical simulation of dispersion of suspended particles in turbulent open channel flow”. Proc. 14th Congress of International Association for Hydraulic Research, IAHR, Vol. 2, pp. 57‑60, 1973. Also published as a journal paper (Paper D.1.4).

D.2.6. M. Aydin and **B.M. Sumer**: “Solid particle settlement in open channel flow”. Proc. 17th Congress of International Association for Hydraulic Research, IAHR, Vol. 1, pp. 95‑104, 1977.

D.2.7. **B.M. Sumer**, M. Bakioglu and A. Bulutoglu: “Ripple formation on a bed of fine cohesionless granular sediment”. In: The Mechanics of Sediment Transport. Euromech 156, Balkema, 1983.

D.2.8. **B.M. Sumer** and M. Bakioglu: “Instability of erodible bed: Ripple formation”. Proc. 2nd International Symposium on River Sedimentation, Nanjing, China, China Water Resources and Electric Power Press, pp. 510-517, 1983. An extended version of this paper is published as a journal paper (D.1.11 above).

D.2.9. **B.M. Sumer**: “The mechanics of sediment suspension in turbulent boundary-layer flows”. International Workshop on the Physics of Blown Sand, Aarhus University, Department of Theoretical Statistics, Denmark, 1985.

D.2.10. **B.M. Sumer**: “Recent Developments on the Mechanics of sediment suspension”, General‑Lecture Paper, in the book Euromech 192: Transport of suspended solids in open channels (eds. Bechteler and Vollmers), 3-13, A.A. Balkema Publishers, Rotterdam, 1986.

D.2.11. **B.M. Sumer** and J. Fredsøe: ”Influence of turbulence on bedload sediment transport”. Proceedings of Ninth International Symposium of River Sedimentation, 18-21.October, 2004, Yichang, China, vol. 3, 1371-1378.

D.2.12. K.L. Jensen, **B.M. Sumer**, J. Fredsøe, J.H. Jensen: ”Particle motions in oscillatory flow over a smooth bed”. In: Book of Proceedings, 2014, IAHR, Presented at: 3rd IAHR Europe Congress, 2014, Porto, Portugal.

** **

**D.3. Miscellaneous**

D.3.1. M.E. Erdogan and **B.M. Sumer**: “Effect of rotation in a straight pipe on longitudinal dispersion”. Technical and Scientific Research Council of Turkey, Applied Mathematics Division, Report No. 1, 27 p., 1969.

D.3.2. **B.M. Sumer**: “Longitudinal dispersion of bed-material particles”, Discussion, Proc. ASCE, Journal of Hydraulic Division, Vol. 98, No. HY4, pp. 718-723, 1972.

D.3.3. **B.M. Sumer**: “A formula for suspended load discharge”. Eskisehir EDMMA Journal, No. 2, pp. 113-118, 1977.

D.3.4. **B.M. Sumer**: “Dispersion of suspended particles in open channel flow–A review”. The Danish Center for Applied Mathematics and Mechanics, Report No. 130, Technical University of Denmark, 1977.

D.3.5. **B.M. Sumer** and R. Deigaard: “Experimental investigation of motions of suspended heavy particles and the bursting process”, Technical University of Denmark, Institute of Hydrodynamics and Hydraulic Engineering, Series Paper 23, xiv + 106 p., 1979.

D.3.6. R. Deigaard, J. Fredsøe, G. Yu and **B.M. Sumer**: ”Unsteady bedload tansport over a flat bed; Modelling and experimental results”. In: SEDMOC Sediment Transport Modelling in Marine Coastal Environments, End Document, Ed. L.C. van Rijn, A.G. Davies, J. van de Graaff and J.S. Ribberink, April 2001, Aqua Publications, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

**E. Liquefaction of marine soils**

**E.0. Book**

E.0.1. **B.M. Sumer**: Liquefaction Around Marine Structures. World Scientific, 472 pp., 2014. http://www.worldscientific.com/worldscibooks/10.1142/7986

E.0.2. The above book has been translated into Korean language; 2016.

http://www.kyobobook.co.kr/product/detailViewKor.laf?ejkGb=KOR&mallGb=KOR&barcode=9791156102212&orderClick=LAH&Kc

**E.1. Peer-refereed journal papers**

E.1.1. **B.M. Sumer**, J. Fredsøe, S. Christensen and M.T. Lind: “Sinking/Floatation of pipelines and other objects in liquefied soil under waves”. Coastal Engineering, vol. 38/2, October 1999, pp. 53-90, 1999.

E.1.2. L. Cheng, **B.M. Sumer** and J. Fredsøe: “Solutions of pore pressure buildup due to progressive waves”. International Journal of Numerical and Analytical Methods in Geomechanics, vol.25, issue 9, pp. 885‑907, 2001.

E.1.3. Y. Yuksel, K.O. Cetin, O. Ozguven, N.S. Isik, E. Cevik and **B.M. Sumer**: “Seismic response of a rubble mound breakwater in Turkey”. Maritime Engineering, vol. 157, Issue MA4, pp. 151-161, December 2004.

E.1.4. **B.M. Sumer** (Guest Editor): Special issue on liquefaction around marine structures. Processes and Benchmark Cases. Journal of Waterway, Port, Coastal and Ocean Engineering, ASCE, vol. 132, No. 4, 2006.

E.1.5. **B.M. Sumer** (Guest Editor): Special issue on liquefaction around marine structures. Miscellaneous. Journal of Waterway, Port, Coastal and Ocean Engineering, ASCE, vol. 133, No. 1, 2007.

E.1.6. **B.M. Sumer**, F. Hatipoglu, J. Fredsøe and S.K. Sumer: “The sequence of soil behaviour during wave-induced liquefaction”. Sedimentology, vol. 53, pp. 611-629, 2006.

E.1.7. **B.M. Sumer**, C. Truelsen and J. Fredsøe: “Liquefaction around pipelines under waves”. Journal of Waterway, Port, Coastal and Ocean Engineering, ASCE, vol. 132, No. 4, pp. 266-275, 2006.

E.1.8. **B.M. Sumer**, F. Hatipoglu, J. Fredsøe and N.-E. O. Hansen: “Critical floatation density of pipelines in soils liquefied by waves and density of liquefied soils”. Journal of Waterway, Port, Coastal and Ocean Engineering, ASCE, vol. 132, No. 4, pp. 252-265, 2006.

E.1.9. J.S. Damgaard, **B.M. Sumer**, T.C. Teh, A.C. Palmer, P. Foray and D. Osorio: “Guidelines for pipeline on-bottom stability on liquefied noncohesive seabeds” Journal of Waterway, Port, Coastal and Ocean Engineering, ASCE, vol. 132, No. 4, pp. 300-309, 2006.

E.1.10. **B.M. Sumer**: “Special issue on liquefaction around marine structures: Processes and benchmark cases”, Journal of Waterway, Port, Coastal and Ocean Engineering, ASCE, vol. 132, No. 4, pp. 225-226, 2006.

E.1.11. **B.M. Sumer**, F. Hatipoglu and J. Fredsøe: “Wave scour around a pile in sand, medium dense and dense silt”. Journal of Waterway, Port, Coastal and Ocean Engineering, ASCE, vol. 133, No. 1, pp. 14-27, 2007.

E.1.12. **B.M. Sumer**: “Special issue on liquefaction around marine structures: Miscellaneous”, Journal of Waterway, Port, Coastal and Ocean Engineering, ASCE, vol. 133, No. 1, pp. 1-2, 2007.

E.1.13. **B.M. Sumer**, A. Ansal, K. O. Cetin, J. Damgaard, A.R. Gunbak, N.-E.O. Hansen, A. Sawicki, C.E. Synolakis, A.C. Yalciner, Y. Yuksel and K. Zen: “Earthquake-induced liquefaction around marine structures”. Journal of Waterway, Port, Coastal and Ocean Engineering, ASCE, vol. 133, No. 1, pp. 55-82, 2007.

E.1.14. **B.M. Sumer**, F.H. Dixen and J. Fredsøe: “Cover stones on liquefiable soil bed under waves”. Coastal Engineering, vol. 57, pp. 864-873, 2010.

E.1.15. **B.M. Sumer**, F.H. Dixen and J. Fredsøe: “Stability of submerged rock berms exposed to motion of liquefied soil in waves”. Ocean Engineering. Vol. 38, 849-859, 2011.

E.1.16. **B.M. Sumer**, V.S.O. Kirca and J. Fredsøe: “Experimental validation of a mathematical model for seabed liquefaction under waves”. International Journal of Offshore and Polar Engineering, vol. 22, No. 2, 133-141, 2012.

E.1.17. V.S.O. Kirca, **B.M. Sumer** and J. Fredsøe: “Residual liquefaction of seabed under standing waves”, Journal of Waterway, Port, Coastal, and Ocean Engineering, ASCE, vol. 139 , No. 6 , pp. 489-501, 2013.

E.1.18. V.S.O. Kirca, **B.M. Sumer** and J. Fredsøe: “Influence of clay content on wave-induced liquefaction”, Journal of Waterway, Port, Coastal, and Ocean Engineering, ASCE. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)WW.1943-5460.0000249, vol: 140, issue: 6, pages 04014024-1 – 04014024-11, 2014.

E.1.19. **B.M. Sumer**: “Flow-structure-seabed interactions in coastal and marine environments”. Vision Paper. Journal of Hydraulic Research, vol.52, No. 1, 1-13, 2014.

E.1.20. **B.M. Sumer**: “Advances in seabed liquefaction and its implications for marine structures”. Geotechnical Engineering Journal of the SEAGS & AGSSEA, Vol. 45, No. 4 December 2014, ISSN 0046-5828* *

**E.2. Peer-refereed conference papers**

E.2.1. **B.M. Sumer** and N.-S. Cheng: “A random-walk model for pore pressure accumulation in marine soils”. Proceedings of the 9^{th} International Offshore and Polar Engineering Conference, ISOPE-99, Brest, France, 30. May-4. June, 1999, vol. 1, pp. 521-528.

E.2.2. **B.M. Sumer**, A. Kaya and N.-E.O. Hansen: “Impact of liquefaction on coastal structures in the 1999 Kocaeli, Turkey Earthquake”. Proceedings of the 12^{th} International Offshore and Polar Engineering Conference, KitaKyushu, Japan, May 26-31, 2002, vol. II, pp. 504-511.

E.2.3. L. Cheng, **B. M. Sumer**, J. Fredsøe and Y. Hu (2004). Wave-induced liquefaction around a buried pipeline. 9th Australian and New Zealand Conference on Geomechanics, Auckland, New Zealand, 5: 577-583

E.2.4. **B. M. Sumer**, F. Hatipoglu, and J. Fredsøe:”Wave scour around a vertical circular pile in silt”. Proceedings of Second International Conference on Scour and Erosion. Singapore, 14-17.November, 2004, vol. 2, pp. 498-505.

E.2.5. **B.M. Sumer**: “Liquefaction around marine structures, LIMAS, an EU research program”. Proceedings of the 6^{th} International Conference on Hydrodynamics, 24-26.November, 2004, Perth, Australia. Hydrodynamics VI, Theory and Applications, pp. 15-19.

E.2.6. **B.M. Sumer**, F. Hatipoglu, J. Fredsøe and N.-E.O. Hansen: ”Pipeline floatation in liquefied soils under waves”. Proceedings of the 6^{th} International Conference on Hydrodynamics, 24-26.November, 2004, Perth, Australia. Hydrodynamics VI, Theory and Applications, pp. 279-285.

E.2.7. **B.M. Sumer**, F. Hatipoglu and J. Fredsøe: “Sequence of soil liquefaction under waves”. Proceedings of the 15^{th} International Offshore and Polar Engineering Conference, Seoul, Korea, June 19-24, 2005, vol. II, pp. 716-719.

E.2.8. F. Hatipoglu, **B.M. Sumer** and J. Fredsøe: “Cover stones/riprap over liquefiable soil”. Proceedings, Third International Conference on Scour and Erosion, November 1-3, 2006, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, CURNET, Gouda, The Netherlands, 2006. The full paper is on CD Rom, pp.278-283. Extended Abstract is in the hard-copy Abstract Proceedings, pp. 132-133.

E.2.9. **B.M. Sumer** and J. Fredsøe: “Behaviour of stone protection on / in liquefied seabed”, COPEDEC VII, 2008, Dubai, UAE, Paper No: S-24.

E.2.10. S.K. Sumer, **B.M. Sumer**, F.H. Dixen and J. Fredsøe: “Pore pressure buildup in the subsoil under a caisson breakwater”. Proceedings of the 18th International Offshore (Ocean) and Polar Engineering Conference, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, July 6-11, pp. 664-671, 2008.

E.2.11. **B.M. Sumer**: “Liquefaction around marine structures”. Proceedings, Coastal Structures 2007, International Conference, July 2-4, 2007, Venice, Italy, Vol. II, pp. 1864-1870, 2009.

E.2.12. **B.M. Sumer**, V.S.O. Kirca and J. Fredsøe: “Experimental validation of a mathematical model for seabed liquefaction in waves”. Proceedings of the 21st International Offshore and Polar Engineering Conference, Maui, Hawai, USA, June 19-24, 2011, pp. 1010-1018.

E.2.13. V.S.O. Kirca, J. Fredsøe and** B.M. Sumer**: “Wave liquefaction in soils with clay content”. 8^{th} International Conference on Coastal and Port Engineering in Developing Countries, COPEDEC 2012, IIT Madras, Chennai, India, 20-24 Feb. 2012, pp. 395-402.

E.2.14. V.S.O. Kirca, **B.M. Sumer** and J. Fredsøe: “Residual liquefaction under standing waves”. Proceedings of the 22nd International Offshore and Polar Engineering Conference, Rhodes, Greece, June 17-22, 2012, pp. 1392-1398.

F. Miscellaneous

**F.0. Lecture Notes**

F.0.1. **B.M. Sumer**: Lecture Notes on Turbulence. Technical University of Denmark, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Section for Fluid Mechanics, Coastal and Maritime Engineering, 191 p., Revised/Updated 2013. Obtainable from B.M. Sumer ([email protected]). Downloadable at http://www.external.mek.dtu.dk/personal/bms/turb_book_update_30_6_04.pdf

**F.1. Peer-refereed journal papers**

F.1.1. D. Weihs and **B.M. Sumer**: “Measurements of extremely small pressure differences in water”. Journal of Physics E: Scientific Instruments, Vol. 6, pp. 77-78, 1973.

F.1.2. A.M. Binnie and **B.M. Sumer**: “A method of improving the uniformity of the stream in an open water‑channel”, Journal of Hydraulic Research, Vol. 12, No. 3, pp. 299‑ 313, 1974.

F.1.3. **B.M. Sumer**: “A photographic technique for measurement of Lagrangian turbulence characteristics”. Bulletin of the Technical University of Istanbul, Vol. 29, pp. 33-50, 1976.

F.1.4. **B.M. Sumer**, M. Aydin and M. Bakir: “Logarithmic layer near a density interface”. Bulletin of the Technical University of Istanbul, vol. 37, pp. 101-107, 1984.

F.1.5. B. Jensen, E.D. Christensen, and **B.M. Sumer**: “Pressure-induced forces and shear stresses on rubble mound breakwater armour layers in regular waves”, Coastal Engineering (ISSN: 0378-3839) (DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.coastaleng.2014.05.003), vol: 91, 60-75, 2014.

F.1.6. B. Jensen, E.D. Christensen, **B.M. Sumer** and M. Vistisen: “Flow and turbulence at rubble-mound breakwater armor layers under solitary wave” Journal of Waterway, Port, Coastal, and Ocean Engineering, ASCE, (ISSN: 0733-950X) (DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1061/(asce)ww.1943-5460.0000306), vol: 141, issue: 6, 2015.

**F.2. Miscellaneous**

F.2.1. **B.M. Sumer**: “Measurements of Lagrangian statistics in turbulent open channel flow”, in the book Hydraulic Problems solved by Stochastic Methods (Proc. 2nd International IAHR Symposium on Stochastic Hydraulics), (eds. P. Hjorth, L. Jönsson and P. Larsen), Fort Collins, Colorado, 1977.

F.2.2. **B.M. Sumer** and M. Bakioglu: “Flow through sea straits with application to Bosporus”, Technical University of Istanbul, Faculty of Civil Engineering, 25 p., 1981.

F.2.3. **B.M. Sumer**, and J. Fredsøe : “Research on hydrodynamic processes at/around subsea structures at Coastal, Maritime & Structural Engineering Section, Technical University of Denmark”. December Issue of ON/OFF Newsletter to the offshore industry in Denmark, 2005.

F.2.4. B. Jensen, E.D. Christensen and **B.M. Sumer**: “Wave interaction with large roughness elements on an impermeable sloping bed”. Proceedings of the 33^{rd} International Conf. Coastal Engineering. Santander, Spain, 1-6. July, 2012. Paper waves.23, pp. 1-15.